A U.S. Senate committee investigating the promotion of material harmful to young people on social media expanded beyond Facebook and Instagram Tuesday to include the video-sharing sites YouTube and TikTok as well as the Snapchat messaging application.
Therein, Sen. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) deplored the health-threatening viral challenges (e.g. binge drinking, the infamous “cinnamon challenge”), enticements toward illegal drugs, encouragements to engage in drastic dieting and presentations of child-sex abuse that she said have been purveyed to children and teens via these websites. She raised particular alarm regarding minors she said have been led into illicit sexual relationships on Snapchat.
“In the weeks leading up to this hearing, I’ve heard from parents, from teachers, from mental-health professionals who are all wondering the same thing: How long are we going to let this continue?” the senator said.
She and others on the Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety and Data Security sought answers from Snapchat vice president for global public policy Jennifer Stout, TikTok’s American branch vice president of public policy Michael Beckerman and YouTube’s vice president of government affairs and public policy Leslie Miller.
The subcommittee, of which Blackburn is the highest-ranked GOP member, launched its series of hearings concerning harms resulting from social media after an investigation by The Wall Street Journal uncovered internal documents of Facebook concerning harms to young people, particularly teenage girls. The findings included research that found Facebook products, particularly the photo-sharing app Instagram, intensified teenagers’ body insecurities and suicidal thoughts.
Blackburn and many of her colleagues on both sides of the aisle are now stressing that drawbacks to youngsters’ use of social media go well beyond Instagram.
“We’re hearing the same stories and reports of the same harms about the tech platforms that are represented here today,” subcommittee Chair Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) said. “I’ve heard from countless parents and medical professionals in Connecticut and elsewhere around the country about the same phenomenon on Snapchat, YouTube and TikTok.”
Blumenthal said he was particularly disturbed by YouTube algorithms allegedly steering teens toward videos that promote extreme dieting that can result in eating disorders. He also said he observed that a cursory search leads to videos that promote illegal steroids.
All three social-media executives agreed to soon provide internal information about their products’ impact on children and teenagers. They also assured senators that they are developing more advanced tools to aid parents in overseeing their kids’ use of these platforms. And they all expressed support for tougher regulation.
“Protecting the wellbeing of our community is something we approach with both humility and determination,” Stout told the Senate panel. “Over 500 million people around the world use Snapchat and 95 percent of our community says that Snapchat makes them feel happy because it connects them to their friends. We have a moral responsibility to take into account the best interests of our users in everything we do and we understand that there is more work to be done.”
Blackburn further stated her worry that YouTube, Snapchat and TikTok rely on increased use by young people to become more profitable and are using the data they compile on their participants to encourage overuse.
“These platforms are getting more and more data about our children,” she said. “But do we know what they’re doing with that data…? We have real reason to question how they are collecting and using the data that they get from American children and teens.”
The senator said she is concerned that TikTok, which is based in Beijing, is providing a conduit for the Chinese government to collect details on American consumers.
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