by Jon Styf
How is Tennessee’s economy doing? A lot of it is doing well when compared to the COVID-19 lows on many economic indicators such as employment, a new Sycamore Institute report shows.
But other items are troubling, such as there being 40% fewer small businesses in Tennessee as of late June data than there were before the pandemic. That’s considering that 99% of private sector workers in the state work for small businesses, defined as companies of 500 employees or less.
“There are a lot of things going on here,” said Brian Straessle, the Sycamore Institute’s Director of External Affairs. “There isn’t like one nice neat narrative of the economy right now.”
The Sycamore Institute is a nonpartisan public policy research group that aims to inform policymakers and the public on complex policy issues.
As of the end of June, Tennessee’s unemployment rate was at 4.9%, one percentage point lower than the national average and one percentage point higher than the number from pre-pandemic February 2020. Sycamore Institute Policy Director Mandy Pellegrin called that a “pretty good number, historically speaking.”
“Even though workforce participation has gone down, because of population growth, Tennessee’s workforce is actually a little bigger than it was before the recession,” Pellegrin said.
The report showed that low wage jobs in the leisure and restaurant industry were hit the hardest. And despite a record number of new business licenses to start the year, there are still 52% fewer businesses in Tennessee in the leisure and hospitality industry than before the pandemic. That number is 61% nationally.
Data has also shown that “many new businesses are in communities with higher shares of black residents, and federal stimulus funding may have helped people finance these endeavors,” according to the report.
“I think there are lots of policies to support entrepreneurship if that is the direction that people are wanting to go in,” Pellegrin said. “There are policies to support job skills development if people are saying ‘I don’t want to go back to a restaurant job.’”
Pellegrin pointed out that a moratorium on evictions is set to end at the end of July and that could have an impact on the workforce and citizens as well.
Another policy that could have a long-term impact is the state spending down part of the $730 million in reserves in its Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) to help workforce development
“Part of that involves doing pilot programs trying to figure out what to do with this money long term to help people not need so much assistance,” Straessle said.
Another large factor is employees changing their careers or being hesitant to reenter the workforce due to everything from the risks of COVID-19 to child-care issues while reassessing their long-term goals during the pandemic.
That is part of the reason that Gov. Bill Lee ended the state’s participation in federal supplemental unemployment insurance, which paid $300 additional weekly, on July 3. That decision is currently being challenged by a class-action lawsuit in federal court.
“Now, the businesses that are losing employees are going to have to adapt,” Pellegrin said. “And, I think, to some extent they did. During COVID, they found ways to operate without workers in some situations but I think we’re going to see a lot more adaption in some of the industries.”
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